Friday, April 6, 2012

Superfund & Brownfield Grants:  The federal government assists states and communities in cleaning up brownfield sites, which are real property affected by the potential presence of environmental contamination.  These efforts have been an ongoing issue for more than a decade. With the enactment of the Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act in 2002, Congress provided specific authority for EPA to address brownfield sites.  In contrast to Superfund sites, environmental contamination present at brownfield sites is typically less of a risk to human health. With the primary motivation to aid cleanup efforts, the 2002 statute, among other things, authorized two grant programs: (1) a competitive grant program to address specific sites; and (2) a non-competitive grant program to support state cleanup programs.

Superfund Sites More Dangerous Than Brownfields:  When compared to a Brownfield site, Superfund sites and their cleanup are considered more carefully, and for good reason. Usually, these sites are not simply abandoned industrial areas but rather have experienced active dumping of dangerous chemicals in the past. These sites usually have unsafe contamination levels of petroleum products, toxic chemicals or both.
This increases the dangers associated with cleanup so the EPA oversees the projects internally. There are, however, some opportunities for communities wishing to get involved in the process in some way.


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